Guide to Water Treatment Solutions

January 3, 2023

Water treatment solutions are vital in removing contaminants and bacteria before clean water is delivered for consumption. Most water sources are subject to contamination and need appropriate treatment to remove disease-causing agents. Depending on the region where you live, different water treatment systems may be used depending on regulations and raw water input.

This article will serve as an essential guide to water treatment solutions.

What is water treatment?

Maintaining a clean water supply for growing global populations has been difficult. But, significant technological developments have made it easier to monitor and assess high-quality drinking water that can be supplied around the world.

In the United States, nearly all water sources require treatment before they are consumed, mainly to ensure they do not pose any health risks. Water treatment solutions remove microbiological contaminants and physical constituents, including suspended solids. After removing pollutants, a final disinfection stage is meant to deactivate any remaining microorganisms. In certain situations, certain disinfectants like chlorine are added to help prevent biological regrowth during water storage or distribution in larger systems.

In addition, water solution treatments may vary depending on the quality and type of water entering a water plant. For example, groundwater treatment works abstract water from below-ground sources, like aquifers and springs, and does not typically require complex water treatment. On the other hand, surface water from rivers, lakes, and reservoirs is subject to environmental input, and multiple treatment steps are required to clean and disinfect the water.

Types of water treatment solutions

There are a variety of water treatment solutions that work together to purify raw water before it’s distributed. Here’s more information on the basic types of water treatment solutions.

  • Screens. This water treatment solution is used on many surface water intakes to remove particulate material and debris from the water. Weeds and debris are removed using coarse screens, whereas smaller particles are removed using micro strainers and band screens.
  • Gravel filters. These filters are used to remove turbidity and algae. An inlet distribution chamber allows the water to enter through and flow horizontally through a tank, encountering the coarse and finer gravel. An outlet chamber collects the filtered water with all solids removed.
  • Slow sand filters. This solution removes turbidity, algae, and microorganisms. Slow sand filtration tends to be used for treating small water supplies, provided that sufficient land is available. These tanks have sharp sand, typically at a depth of 0.5 to 1.5m.
  • Activated carbon. With physical adsorption, contamination can be removed using activated carbon. This is typically affected by the amount and type of carbon, the nature and concentration of the contaminated, and the general water quality (pH, temperature, etc.).
  • Aeration. This is designed to transfer oxygen into the water and remove gases and volatile compounds through air stripping.
  • Membrane processes. The most commonly used membrane processes for water treatment are reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, and nanofiltration. Membrane processes are used as a water solution to remove pathogenic bacteria, Cryptosporidium, Giardia, human viruses, and bacteriophages.

Contact Aqua Doctor today!

Aqua Doctor offers water treatment, purification, and filtration solutions for Long Island, including Nassau and Suffolk counties. Our systems are built from the very best materials, are cost-effective, and in most cases, require just one visit per year! We also install and service water treatment systems and can even build a system to fit your specific needs. To learn more about our water treatment options, give us a call at 631-767-1294 or click here to book online.

A glass of water
Want to learn more about Long Island water?
Let's keep in touch!

Stay updated on our news and events! Sign up to receive our newsletter.